عنوان مقاله [English]
Invocation (zekr) as one of the most important Islamic acts of worship plays an important role in man’s spiritual development, and is manifested in various Qur’anic verses. The impact of these verses has elevated the status of invocation in Islamic gnosis. Invocation has a significant role in the itinerary of spiritual path, so far as without it the realization of Mystic’s Stations (maqāmāt) or transmutation in his internal status is impossible. Apprehending the value of invocation in progress on the Way to Allah, most mystics and shaykhs invite their disciples to continuance in God’s invocation. Moreover, in their sayings, prose and verse works, they have explicitly explained the fundamental role of invocation in their Stations, spiritual and mystical degrees, and in general in man’s evolutionary development.
In this essay, the basic writings of Sufis up to the 8th century A.H, particularly, the works of the three prominent mystic poets, Sanāī, Attār and Mowlānā are considered to provide a comprehensive analysis of the role of invocation in the Perfection of human beings.